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Frost Scottish Anatomy

The Thistle Knights

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle is an order of chivalry associated with Scotland. While its original date of foundation is unknown, James VII (also King of England as James II) instituted the modern Order in 1687.

The Order consists of the Sovereign and sixteen Knights and Ladies, as well as certain "extra" knights (members of the British Royal Family and foreign monarchs). The Sovereign alone grants membership of the Order; he or she is not advised by the Government, as occurs with most other Orders. The Scottish Coat of Arms

The sixteen members are required to be Scottish-born, though not the "extra" knights and ladies.

 The Order's primary emblem is the thistle, the national flower of Scotland. The motto is Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin for "No one provokes me with impunity"); the same motto also appears on the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom for use in Scotland and on some pound coins. The patron saint of the Order is St Andrew.

Most British orders of chivalry cover the entire kingdom, but the three most exalted ones each pertain to one constituent country only. The Order of the Thistle, which pertains to Scotland, is the second-most senior in precedence. Its equivalent in England, The Most Noble Order of the Garter, is the oldest documented order of chivalry in the United Kingdom, dating to the middle fourteenth century.

In 1783 an Irish equivalent, The Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick, was founded; since the independence of the greater part of Ireland the Order has fallen dormant (its last surviving knight died in 1974).


James VII of the modern order of Thistle KnightsJames VII ordained the modern Order. The original date of the Order's foundation is unknown. According to legend, Óengus mac Fergusa (Angus), King of the Picts, while engaged in battle at Athelstaneford with the Saxon King Aethelstan of East Anglia, saw in the heavens the cross of St Andrew. After he won the battle, Angus is said to have established the Order of the Thistle, dedicating it to the saint, in 787.

The tale is not credible, not only because of the unlikeliness of the alleged miracle, but also because the two individuals purported to have fought each other did not even reign during the same century.

 Another story states that Angus founded the Order in 809 to commemorate an alliance with the Emperor Charlemagne, which is a little less implausible given the Scottish bodyguards employed by Charlemagne. There is, in addition, a tradition that it was instituted, or re-instituted, on the battlefield by Robert I at Bannockburn.

Many credit James III, who adopted the thistle as the royal plant badge and issued coins depicting thistles, with founding the Order during the fifteenth century. Others state that James V, who had been admitted to the Order of the Garter in England, the Order of St Michael in France and the Order of the Golden Fleece in the Holy Roman Empire, established the Order of the Thistle in 1540 because he was embarrassed that he had no honour to confer on foreign monarchs. He allegedly conferred membership of the "Order of the Burr or Thissil" on Francis I, King of France.

Some Scottish order of chivalry definitely existed during the sixteenth century, but had lapsed by its conclusion. James VII issued letters patent "reviving and restoring the Order of the Thistle to its full glory, lustre and magnificency" in 1687. Eight knights, out of a maximum of twelve, were appointed, but the King was deposed in 1688. His successors, the joint monarchs William and Mary, did not make any further appointments to the Order, which consequently fell into desuetude. In 1703, however, Anne once again revived the Order of the Thistle, which survives to this day.

The Kings of Scotland—later the Kings of Great Britain and of the United Kingdom—have served as Sovereigns of the Order. When James VII revived the Order, the statutes stated that the Order would "consist of the Sovereign and twelve Knights-Brethren in allusion to the Blessed Saviour and his Twelve Apostles." In 1827, George IV augmented the Order to sixteen members. Women (other than Queens regnant) were originally excluded from the Order; Elizabeth II, however, allowed the admission of Ladies of the Thistle in 1987.

From time to time, individuals may be admitted to the Order by special statutes. Such members are known as "Extra Knights" and do not count towards the sixteen-member limit. Members of the British Royal Family are normally admitted through this procedure; the first to be so admitted was a younger son of George III, HRH The Prince William Henry (later William IV). Olav V, King of Norway, the first foreigner to be admitted to the Order, was also admitted by special statute in 1962.

The Sovereign has historically had the power to choose Knights and Ladies of the Order. From the eighteenth century onwards, the Sovereign made his or her choices upon the advice of the Government. George VI felt that the Orders of the Garter and the Thistle had been used only for political patronage, rather than to reward actual merit. Therefore, with the agreement of the Prime Minister (Clement Attlee) and the Leader of the Opposition (Winston Churchill) in 1946, the Order of the Thistle returned to the personal gift of the Sovereign.

Knights and Ladies of the Thistle may also be admitted to the Order of the Garter. Formerly, many, but not all, Knights elevated to the senior Order would resign from the Order of the Thistle. The first to resign from the Order of the Thistle was John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll in 1710; the last to take such an action was Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland in 1872. Knights and Ladies of the Thistle may also be deprived of their knighthoods. The only individual to have suffered such a fate was John Erskine, 6th Earl of Mar who lost both the knighthood and the earldom after participating in the Jacobite rising of 1715.

The Order has five officers: the Dean, the Chancellor, the Usher, the King of Arms and the Secretary. The Dean is normally a cleric of the Church of Scotland. The Chancellor is normally one of the knights, though not necessarily the most senior. The Usher of the Order is the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod (unlike his Garter equivalent, the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, he does not have another function assisting the House of Lords). The King of Arms of the Order, responsible for heraldry, is the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Scottish Heraldry. The Lord Lyon often—but not invariably—also serves as the Secretary.

The Thistle Chapel
When James VII revived the Order in 1687, he directed that the Abbey Church at the Palace of Holyroodhouse be converted to a Chapel for the Order of the Thistle, perhaps copying the idea from the Order of the Garter (whose chapel is located in Windsor Castle). James VII, however, was deposed by 1688; the Chapel, meanwhile, had been destroyed during riots.

The Order did not have a Chapel until 1911, when one was added onto St Giles High Kirk in Edinburgh. Each year, the Sovereign resides at the Palace of Holyroodhouse for a week in June or July; during the visit, a service for the Order is held. Any new Knights or Ladies are installed at annual services.

Each member of the Order, including the Sovereign, is allotted a stall in the choir of the Chapel, above which his or her heraldic devices are displayed. Perched on the pinnacle of a knight's stall is his helm, decorated with a mantling and topped by his crest. Under the laws of heraldry, women other than monarchs do not bear helms or crests; instead, the coronet appropriate to the Lady's rank is used (see coronet). Unlike other British Orders, the armorial banners of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle are not hung in the chapel, but instead in an adjacent part of St Giles High Kirk.

The Thistle Chapel does, however, bear the arms of members living and deceased on stall plates. These pieces of brass are affixed to the back of the stall and display its occupant's name, arms, and date of admission into the Order.

Upon the death of a Knight, helm, mantling, crest (or coronet or crown) and sword are taken down. The stall plates, however, are not removed; rather, they remain permanently affixed somewhere about the stall, so that the stalls of the chapel are festooned with a colourful record of the Order's Knights (and now Ladies) since 1911.

Precedence and privilegesBadge for the Thistle Knights
 The badge of the Order is depicted suspended from the collar.

Knights and Ladies of the Thistle may also use the circlet, collar and badge on their arms.Knights and Ladies of the Thistle are assigned positions in the order of precedence, ranking above all others of knightly rank, and above baronets.

Wives, sons, daughters and daughters-in-law of Knights of the Thistle also feature on the order of precedence; relatives of Ladies of the Thistle, however, are not assigned any special precedence. (Generally, individuals can derive precedence from their fathers or husbands, but not from their mothers or wives.) (See order of precedence in Scotland for the exact positions.)

Knights of the Thistle prefix "Sir," and Ladies prefix "Lady," to their forenames. Wives of Knights may prefix "Lady" to their surnames, but no equivalent privilege exists for husbands of Ladies.

Such forms are not used by peers and princes, except when the names of the former are written out in their fullest forms.

Knights and Ladies use the post-nominal letters "KT" and "LT," respectively. When an individual is entitled to use multiple post-nominal letters, "KT" or "LT" appears before all others, except "Bt" or "Btss" (Baronet or Baronetess), "VC" (Victoria Cross), "GC" (George Cross) and "KG" or "LG" (Knight or Lady of the Garter).

Knights and Ladies may encircle their arms with the circlet (a green circle bearing the Order's motto) and the collar of the Order; the former is shown either outside or on top of the latter. The badge is depicted suspended from the collar. The Royal Arms depict the circlet, superimposed over the collar, of the Thistle only in Scotland; they show the Garter in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Knights and Ladies are also entitled to receive heraldic supporters. This high privilege is only shared by members of the Royal Family, peers, Knights and Ladies of the Garter, and Knights and Dames Grand Cross and Knights Grand Commanders of the junior orders.

List of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle
The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle was founded in 1687. Dates shown are for election or installation.

Knights Founders - 1687
James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth  (1648-1716) 1687
George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon  (1649-1716) 1687
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl (1631-1703) 1687  
James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton (1658-1712) 1687  
Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth (1661-1701) 1687  
John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort (1650-1715) 1687  
George Douglas, 1st Earl of Dunbarton (1635-1692) 1687  
Alexander Stewart, 5th Earl of Moray (1634-1701) 1687

Eighteenth Century
John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll 1704 - Resigned 1710 when made KG
John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl 1704  
William Johnston, 1st Marquess of Annandale 1704  
James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1704  
George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney 1704  
James Ogilvy, 1st Earl of Seafield 1704  
William Kerr, 2nd Marquess of Lothian  1704  
Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery 1704  
John Erskine, 23rd Earl of Mar  1706 - Degraded 1715
Hugh Campbell, 3rd Earl of Loudoun  1706  
John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair 1710  
David Colyear, 1st Earl of Portmore1713  
John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland  1716  
William Cadogan, 1st Baron Cadogan 1716 - Later Earl Cadogan
Thomas Hamilton, 6th Earl of Haddington  1717  
Charles Bennet, 1st Earl of Tankerville 1721  
Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkeith  1725 - Later 2nd Duke of Buccleuch
William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex  1725 - Resigned 1738 when made KG
Alexander Hume-Campbell, 2nd Earl of Marchmont  1725  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton  1726  
Charles Bennet, 2nd Earl of Tankerville  1730  
Charles Stuart, 6th Earl of Moray  1731  
Charles Colyear, 2nd Earl of Portmore  1732  
James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl  1734  
William Kerr, 3rd Marquess of Lothian  1734  
James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton  1738  
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute  1738 - Resigned 1762 when made KG
Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun 1738  
Augustus Berkeley, 4th Earl of Berkeley  1739  
James Stuart, 8th Earl of Moray  1741  
John Carmichael, 3rd Earl of Hyndford  1742  
Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart  1743  
Cosmo George Gordon, 3rd Duke of Gordon  1748  
William Dalrymple-Crichton, 5th Earl of Dumfries  1752  
Francis Greville, 1st Earl Brooke  1753  
John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes  1753  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton  1755  
Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart  1763  
William Douglas, Earl of March  1763 - Later 5th Duke of Queensberry
John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll 1765  
Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch  1767 - Resigned 1794 when made KG
John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl  1767  
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle  1767 - Resigned 1793
William Henry Kerr, 4th Marquess of Lothian  1768  
David Murray, 7th Viscount Stormont  1768 - Later 2nd Earl of Mansfield
John Ker, 3rd Duke of Roxburghe  1768  
Prince William Henry  1770 - Later William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Neil Primrose, 3rd Earl of Rosebery  1771  
Robert Henley, 2nd Earl of Northington  1773  
Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon  1775  
John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway  1775  
William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian  1776  
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 8th Duke of Hamilton  1786  
Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury  1786  
James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose  1793 - Resigned 1812 when made KG
John Poulett, 4th Earl Poulett  1794  
George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton  1797  
John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl  1800

Nineteenth Century
William Schaw Cathcart, 10th Lord Cathcart 1805 Later Earl Cathcart
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen  1808  
Charles William Henry Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch  1812  
Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Montgomerie  1812  
George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway 1814  
Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny  1814  
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine  1815  
Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury  1819 - Later Marquess of Ailesbury
William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian 1820  
George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale  1820  
Archibald Kennedy, 12th Earl of Cassilis  1821 - Later Marquess of Ailsa
James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale  1821  
Robert Saunders-Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville  1821  
Charles Douglas, 6th Marquess of Queensberry  1821  
George Gordon, 5th Earl of Aboyne  1827 - Later 9th Marquess of Huntly
Henry Richard Greville, 3rd Earl Brooke 1827  
James Duff, 4th Earl of Fife  1827  
Francis Stuart, 10th Earl of Moray 1827  
Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex 1830  
Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch  1830 - Resigned 1835 when made KG
William George Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll  1834  
David William Murray, 3rd Earl of Mansfield  1835  
John Campbell, 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane  1838  
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, 6th Duke of Roxburghe  1840  
Archibald John Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery  1840  
HRH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha  1842  
William David Murray, 4th Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield 1843  
John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute 1843  
James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose  1845  
John Hamilton Dalrymple, 8th Earl of Stair  1847  
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin 1847  
James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 10th Earl of Dalhousie 1848 - Later Marquess of Dalhousie
Robert Dundas Haldane-Duncan, 1st Earl of Camperdown  1848  
Alexander George Fraser, 16th Lord Saltoun  1852  
Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton  1853  
Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington  1853  
Fox Maule Ramsay, 1st Baron Panmure 1853 - Later 11th Earl of Dalhousie
George Augustus Frederick John Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl  1853  
George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll  1856  
George William Fox Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird  1857  
Archibald Kennedy, 2nd Marquess of Ailsa  1859  
James Duff, 5th Earl of Fife  1860  
Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland  1861 - Resigned 1872 when made KG
Robert Montgomery Hamilton, 8th Lord Belhaven and Stenton 1861  
David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie 1862  
Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier  1864  
HRH Prince Alfred Ernest Albert 1864 - Later Duke of Edinburgh
Thomas Alexander Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat  1865  
John Hamilton-Dalrymple, 10th Earl of Stair 1865  
HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales  1867 - Later Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom
John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke of Atholl  1868  
James Carnegie, 9th Earl of Southesk  1869  
HRH Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert  1869 - Later Duke of Connaught
William Hugh Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto 1870  
John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne  1871 - Later 9th Duke of Argyll
HRH Prince Leopold George Duncan Albert  1871 - Later Duke of Albany
Charles John Colville, 10th Lord Colville of Culross  1874 - Later Viscount Colville of Culross
John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute  1875  
William Henry Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1875 - Later 6th Duke of Buccleuch
William Stirling-Maxwell 1876  
William Alexander Stephen Douglas-Hamilton, 12th Duke of Hamilton  1878  
Schomberg Henry Kerr, 9th Marquess of Lothian  1878  
John Charles Ogilvy-Grant, 7th Earl of Seafield 1879  
Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham, 5th Duke of Montrose  1879  
Alexander William George Duff, 6th Earl of Fife  1881  
John William Ramsay, 13th Earl of Dalhousie 1881  
HRH Prince George William Frederick Charles, Duke of Cambridge  1881  
Alan Plantagenet Stewart, 10th Earl of Galloway  1888  
James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford  1891  
HRH Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Duke of York  1893-  Later George V, King of the United Kingdom
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery  1895  
William Montagu Hay, 10th Marquess of Tweeddale 1898  
Charles Alexander Douglas-Home, 12th Earl of Home  1899  
Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland 1900  
John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun 1900 - Later Marquess of Linlithgow

Twentieth Century
Alexander Hugh Bruce, 6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh 1901  
Charles Gore Hay, 20th Earl of Erroll 1901  
Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe 1902  
George Baillie-Hamilton, 11th Earl of Haddington 1902  
Ronald Ruthven Leslie-Melville, 11th Earl of Leven  1905  
John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, 7th Earl of Aberdeen  1906 - Later Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth  1908  
Gavin George Hamilton, 2nd Baron Hamilton of Dalzell  1909  
Walter John Francis Erskine, 12th Earl of Mar and Kellie  1911  
Donald James Mackay, 11th Lord Reay  1911  
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane  1913  
HRH Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught  1913  
Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird 1914  
Simon Joseph Fraser, 16th Lord Lovat  1915  
John Charles Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch  1917  
Douglas Haig  1917 Later Earl Haig
John George Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl  1918  
David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford  1921  
HRH Edward Albert Christian George, Prince of Wales  1922 - Later Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom
John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute  1922  
HRH Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George, Duke of York  1923 - Later George VI, King of the United Kingdom
Algernon Hawkins Thomond Keith-Falconer, 9th Earl of Kintore  1923  
Ronald Crauford Munro-Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar 1926  
Sidney Herbert Elphinstone, 16th Lord Elphinstone  1927  
Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow  1928  
Claude George Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne  1928  
George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland  1929  
John Maxwell Stirling-Maxwell 1929  
Charles Cospatrick Archibald Douglas-Home, 13th Earl of Home  1930  
Herbert Eustace Maxwell  1933  
HRH Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of Gloucester  1933  
Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin  1933  
Archibald Alexander Leslie-Melville, 13th Earl of Leven  1934  
Donald Walter Cameron  1934  
HRH Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, Duke of Kent 1 1935  
HM Queen Elizabeth 1937  
Iain Colquhoun  1937  
John James Dalrymple, 12th Earl of Stair  1937  
Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian  1940  
Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair  1940 - Later Viscount Thurso
David Lyulph Gore Wolseley Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie  1942  
Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham  1945  
James Graham, 6th Duke of Montrose  1947  
Albert Edward Harry Meyer Archibald Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery  1947  
Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch  1949  
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton  1951  
George Baillie-Hamilton, 12th Earl of Haddington  1951  
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (b. 1921) 1952  
Alexander Steven Bilsland, 1st Baron Bilsland  1955  
David Alexander Robert Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford  1955  
John Stirling  1956  
George Mathers, 1st Baron Mathers  1956  
Kenneth Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 12th Lord Kinnaird  1957  
Thomas Godfrey Polson Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan  1957  
Olaf V, King of Norway  1962  
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home 1962 - Later Baron Home of the Hirsel
Robert Gordon Menzies  1963  
James Wilson Robertson 1965  
Francis David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss and March  1966  
John Charles Walsham Reith, 1st Baron Reith  1968  
Charles Hector Fitzroy Maclean, Baron Maclean  1969  
Simon Ramsay, 16th Earl of Dalhousie  1971  
Richard Nugent O'Connor 1971  
Ronald John Bilsland Colville, 2nd Baron Clydesmuir  1972  
Robert Ian Algernon Forbes-Leith 1972  
Harald Robert Leslie, Baron Birsay  1973  
John Scott Maclay, 1st Viscount Muirshiel  1973  
Donald Hamish Cameron of Lochiel  1973  
Bernard Edward Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae  1974  
George Nigel Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk  1976  
William Hunter MacFadzean, Baron MacFadzean  1976  
HRH Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales (b. 1948) 1977  
John Cameron, Baron Cameron 1978  
Walter Francis John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch  1978  
Andrew Douglas Alexander Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin 1981  
George Morgan Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth  1981  
Neil Cameron, Baron Cameron of Balhousie 1983  
Crawford Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch  1983  
David George Coke Patrick Ogilvy, 13th Earl of Airlie 1985  
Iain Mark Tennant  1986  
William Stephen Ian Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw  1990  
Fitzroy Hew Maclean  1993  
George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie  1995  
John Campbell Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott 1996  
Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford  1996  
Lady Marion Anne Fraser 1996  
Norman Somerville Macfarlane, Baron Macfarlane of Bearsden  1996  
James Peter Hymers Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern  1997  
HRH Anne, Princess Royal (b. 1950) 2000  
David Clive Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn  2000 

Twenty-First Century
Stewart Ross Sutherland, Baron Sutherland of Houndwood (b. 1941) 2002  
William Eric Kinloch Anderson (b. 1936) 2002  
David Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood (b. 1938) 2004  
George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen (b. 1946) 2004

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